Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering

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A Comparison Study of Carbon and Energy Footprints Between Traditional Metallic and Non-Metallic Materials in the Oil and Gas Sector

Received: Jan. 11, 2024    Accepted: Jan. 29, 2024    Published: Feb. 05, 2024
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Abstract

This study assesses the carbon and energy footprints of the non-metallic (NM) and traditional metallic materials in the Oil and Gas applications following a “cradle to grave” Life Cycle Assessment in accordance with ISO 14040/44. The assessment aims to identify and mitigate non-metallics’ negative public image, and to provide scientifically-based data of the carbon footprint of NM’s. The study includes: the stages of production of raw material, transport of material to the manufacturing site, manufacturing, transport to installation, installation, and end of life. The study assesses nine NM products (such as steel reinforced thermoplastic pipe, and carbon steel with HDPE liner) which would replace their conventional products (such as steel tanks and butterfly valves). The assumptions in this study include material installation methods, transportation distances, mode of transportation, and others which are further discussed. The use of NM and traditional products is assumed to be identical, and therefore its carbon and energy footprint is excluded from the comparison. The study addresses materials and methods, which include the product system comparison between conventional and NMs, LCA inventory analysis for each comparison, and the geographical coverage and boundaries for each comparison. Moreover, the study specifies the measurement methodology for each comparison, for instance CO2eq. The results and finding of this study are illustrated in charts for each comparison, and in summary, the assessment showed that the NM products have less global warming potential when compared to their respective traditional products in the Oil and Gas sector.

DOI 10.11648/jeece.20240901.12
Published in Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering ( Volume 9, Issue 1, April 2024 )
Page(s) 12-22
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Life Cycle Assessment, Global Warming, Oil and Gas Application, Non-Metallic (Polymers), Carbon Footprint

References
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[2] Allen. (2016). Retrieved from https://www.tsmfiberglass.com/files/GRE%20Piping%20Systems%20-%20The%20Greener%20Choice.pdf
[3] Amiantit. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.amiantit.com/en/media/pdf/brochures/Butterfly_Valves/Butterfly_Valves.pdf
[4] API5CT. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.oilandgaspipingmaterials.com/api-5ct-j55-casing-pipe-grade-j55-suppliers.html
[5] API5CT-J55. (2021). Retrieved from https://csacimports.com/api-5ct-j55-casing-2/
[6] API5L. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.oilandgaspipingmaterials.com/blog/api-5l-pipe-dimensions-schedule-chart-price-list.html
[7] Shah, Varandani, Panchani (2016) Life Cycle Assessment of Household Water Tanks—A Study of LLDPE, Mild Steel and RCC Tanks. Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 7 No. 5. Retrieved from Life Cycle Assessment of Household Water Tanks—A Study of LLDPE, Mild Steel and RCC Tanks (scirp.org).
[8] Fantke, P. E. (2016). Health Impacts of Fine Particulate Matter. In U.-S. L. Initiative, Global Guidance for Life Cycle Impact Assessment Indicators Volume 1. UNEP.
[9] FBE. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.stindia.com/fbe-epoxy-coated-carbon-steel-pipe.html
[10] GaBi. (2021). Retrieved from https://gabi.sphera.com/international/support/gabi/gabi-database-2021-lci-documentation/
[11] IPCC. (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC.
[12] ISO. (2006). ISO 14040: Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and framework. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization.
[13] ISO. (2006). ISO 14044: Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Requirements and guidelines. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization.
[14] Sphera Solutions Inc. (2021). GaBi LCA Database Documentation. Retrieved from GaBi Solutions: https://www.gabi-software.com/databases/gabi-databases/
[15] STI. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.stindia.com/fbe-epoxy-coated-carbon-steel-pipe.html
[16] Van Zelm R., H. M. (441-453). European characterisation factors for human health. Atmospheric Environment, 42.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Aldossari, S. F., Alhabib, H. F., Al-Salem, A. I. (2024). A Comparison Study of Carbon and Energy Footprints Between Traditional Metallic and Non-Metallic Materials in the Oil and Gas Sector. Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering, 9(1), 12-22. https://doi.org/10.11648/jeece.20240901.12

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    ACS Style

    Aldossari, S. F.; Alhabib, H. F.; Al-Salem, A. I. A Comparison Study of Carbon and Energy Footprints Between Traditional Metallic and Non-Metallic Materials in the Oil and Gas Sector. J. Energy Environ. Chem. Eng. 2024, 9(1), 12-22. doi: 10.11648/jeece.20240901.12

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    AMA Style

    Aldossari SF, Alhabib HF, Al-Salem AI. A Comparison Study of Carbon and Energy Footprints Between Traditional Metallic and Non-Metallic Materials in the Oil and Gas Sector. J Energy Environ Chem Eng. 2024;9(1):12-22. doi: 10.11648/jeece.20240901.12

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  • @article{10.11648/jeece.20240901.12,
      author = {Salman Faleh Aldossari and Hussain Fathi Alhabib and Abdulaziz Ibrahim Al-Salem},
      title = {A Comparison Study of Carbon and Energy Footprints Between Traditional Metallic and Non-Metallic Materials in the Oil and Gas Sector},
      journal = {Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering},
      volume = {9},
      number = {1},
      pages = {12-22},
      doi = {10.11648/jeece.20240901.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/jeece.20240901.12},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.jeece.20240901.12},
      abstract = {This study assesses the carbon and energy footprints of the non-metallic (NM) and traditional metallic materials in the Oil and Gas applications following a “cradle to grave” Life Cycle Assessment in accordance with ISO 14040/44. The assessment aims to identify and mitigate non-metallics’ negative public image, and to provide scientifically-based data of the carbon footprint of NM’s. The study includes: the stages of production of raw material, transport of material to the manufacturing site, manufacturing, transport to installation, installation, and end of life. The study assesses nine NM products (such as steel reinforced thermoplastic pipe, and carbon steel with HDPE liner) which would replace their conventional products (such as steel tanks and butterfly valves). The assumptions in this study include material installation methods, transportation distances, mode of transportation, and others which are further discussed. The use of NM and traditional products is assumed to be identical, and therefore its carbon and energy footprint is excluded from the comparison. The study addresses materials and methods, which include the product system comparison between conventional and NMs, LCA inventory analysis for each comparison, and the geographical coverage and boundaries for each comparison. Moreover, the study specifies the measurement methodology for each comparison, for instance CO2eq. The results and finding of this study are illustrated in charts for each comparison, and in summary, the assessment showed that the NM products have less global warming potential when compared to their respective traditional products in the Oil and Gas sector.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - A Comparison Study of Carbon and Energy Footprints Between Traditional Metallic and Non-Metallic Materials in the Oil and Gas Sector
    AU  - Salman Faleh Aldossari
    AU  - Hussain Fathi Alhabib
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    DO  - 10.11648/jeece.20240901.12
    T2  - Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
    JF  - Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
    JO  - Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
    SP  - 12
    EP  - 22
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2637-434X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/jeece.20240901.12
    AB  - This study assesses the carbon and energy footprints of the non-metallic (NM) and traditional metallic materials in the Oil and Gas applications following a “cradle to grave” Life Cycle Assessment in accordance with ISO 14040/44. The assessment aims to identify and mitigate non-metallics’ negative public image, and to provide scientifically-based data of the carbon footprint of NM’s. The study includes: the stages of production of raw material, transport of material to the manufacturing site, manufacturing, transport to installation, installation, and end of life. The study assesses nine NM products (such as steel reinforced thermoplastic pipe, and carbon steel with HDPE liner) which would replace their conventional products (such as steel tanks and butterfly valves). The assumptions in this study include material installation methods, transportation distances, mode of transportation, and others which are further discussed. The use of NM and traditional products is assumed to be identical, and therefore its carbon and energy footprint is excluded from the comparison. The study addresses materials and methods, which include the product system comparison between conventional and NMs, LCA inventory analysis for each comparison, and the geographical coverage and boundaries for each comparison. Moreover, the study specifies the measurement methodology for each comparison, for instance CO2eq. The results and finding of this study are illustrated in charts for each comparison, and in summary, the assessment showed that the NM products have less global warming potential when compared to their respective traditional products in the Oil and Gas sector.
    
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Environmental Protection Department, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

  • Environmental Protection Department, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

  • Environmental Protection Department, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

  • Section