Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 54-60
Assessment of Wind Energy Potential for the Generation of Power in Coastal and Sahel Savannah Locations in Nigeria
Ogolo Emmanuel Omonigho, The Federal University of Technology, Department of Physics, Akure, Nigeria
Ojo Olusola Samuel, The Federal University of Technology, Department of Physics, Akure, Nigeria
Apata John Olu, The Federal University of Technology, Department of Physics, Akure, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 12, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 12, 2019;       Published: Dec. 4, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jeece.20190404.12      View  460      Downloads  104
This study examines the wind power potential for different pressure heights in some Coastal and Sahel savannah stations in Nigeria. A 5-year hourly mean wind speed data at different heights and also at the hour of 00:00 and 12:00 were obtained from ERA Interim reanalysed data set. The data were statistically analyzed using Weibull distribution function. It was found out that Ikeja and Katsina stations have the maximum wind power density of 174.69 W/m2 and 196.88 W/m2 for both Coastal and Sahel savannah regions respectively at 100 m height and also at 12:00 hour of the day when there is occurrence of intensive wind speed as observed in the stations considered. Therefore, the analysis demonstrates the economic feasibility of using wind energy as a means of electricity supply at Ikeja in Coastal region and Katsina in Sahel savannah region of Nigeria. Thus, the wind power potential in these areas should be adequately harnessed which could be used to compliment the present power supply and reduce carbon dioxide emissions which contribute to global warming and lower long-term overdependence on fossil fuels in those areas and in Nigeria at large.
Global Warming, Wind Power, Weibull, Potential ERA-Interim, Nigeria
To cite this article
Ogolo Emmanuel Omonigho, Ojo Olusola Samuel, Apata John Olu, Assessment of Wind Energy Potential for the Generation of Power in Coastal and Sahel Savannah Locations in Nigeria, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 54-60. doi: 10.11648/j.jeece.20190404.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
J. T. Oladeji, “Utilization of Potential of Melon Shells for Pyrolysis as Biomass Fuels,” World Rural Obs., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 60–64, 2012.
D. J. Obadote, “Energy crisis in Nigeria: technical issues and solutions,” in Power sector prayer conference, 2009, p. 4.
S. O. Oyedepo, “Energy and sustainable development in Nigeria: the way forward,” Energy. Sustain. Soc., vol. 2, no. 1, p. 15, 2012.
Y. S. Mohammed, M. W. N. Mustafa, N. Bashir, and A. S. Mokhtar, “Renewable energy resources for distributed power generation in Nigeria: a review of the potential,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 22, pp. 257–268, 2013.
O. S. Ohunakin, “Energy utilization and renewable energy sources in Nigeria,” J. Eng. Appl. Sci., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 171–177, 2010.
O. E. O., “Characterization of Wind Speed in some Tropical Stations in Nigeria,” Niger. Assoc. Math. Phys., vol. 26, pp. 550–565, 2014.
N. Nze-Esiaga and E. C. Okogbue, “Assessment of wind energy potential as a power generation source in five locations of South Western Nigeria,” J. Power Energy Eng., vol. 2, no. 05, p. 1, 2014.
A. Öztopal, A. D. \cSahin, N. Akgün, and Z. \cSen, “On the regional wind energy potential of Turkey,” Energy, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 189–200, 2000.
A. S. Ahmed, “Wind energy as a potential generation source at Ras Benas, Egypt,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 2167–2173, 2010.
M. H. Albadi, E. F. El-Saadany, and H. A. Albadi, “Wind to power a new city in Oman,” Energy, vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 1579–1586, 2009.
D. Feretić, Ž. Tomšić, and N. Čavlina, “Feasibility analysis of wind-energy utilization in Croatia,” Energy, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 239–246, 1999.
D. A. Fadare, “A statistical analysis of wind energy potential in Ibadan, Nigeria, based on Weibull distribution function,” 2008.
R. O. Fagbenle, J. Katende, O. O. Ajayi, and J. O. Okeniyi, “Assessment of wind energy potential of two sites in North-East, Nigeria,” Renew. energy, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 1277–1283, 2011.
E. K. Akpinar and S. Akpinar, “An assessment on seasonal analysis of wind energy characteristics and wind turbine characteristics,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 46, no. 11–12, pp. 1848–1867, 2005.
A. Keyhani, M. Ghasemi-Varnamkhasti, M. Khanali, and R. Abbaszadeh, “An assessment of wind energy potential as a power generation source in the capital of Iran, Tehran,” Energy, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 188–201, 2010.
O. S. Ojo and J. B. Tawose, “Impact of Solar Flux Ratios on Sky Condition Over Regional Climate of Nigeria,” IJOS Int. J. Opt. Sci., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 6–17, 2017.
O. S. Ohunakin, “Wind characteristics and wind energy potential assessment in Uyo, Nigeria,” J. Eng. Appl. Sci., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 141–146, 2011.
Z. O. Olaofe, “On the Remapping and Identification of Potential Wind Sites in Nigeria,” Energy Power Eng., vol. 7, no. 10, p. 477, 2015.
M. A. Ayoade and others, Disused offshore installations and pipelines: towards sustainable decommissioning. Kluwer Law International, 2002.
J.-F. K. Akinbami, “Renewable energy resources and technologies in Nigeria: present situation, future prospects and policy framework,” Mitig. Adapt. Strateg. Glob. Chang., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 155–182, 2001.
A. D. Asiegbu and G. S. Iwuoha, “Studies of wind resources in Umudike, South East Nigeria--An assessment of economic viability,” J. Eng. Appl. Sci, vol. 2, no. 10, pp. 1539–1541, 2007.
Browse journals by subject