Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019, Page: 39-46
Estimation of Global Solar Radiation on Horizontal Surface from Sun Shine Hours and Temperature at Kombolcha, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Tegenu Argaw Woldegiyorgis, Department of Physics, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 11, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 17, 2019;       Published: Nov. 8, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jeece.20190403.12      View  101      Downloads  29
The detailed knowledge of the local solar radiation is important but, measuring instruments are not readily available in many places, particularly in Ethiopia. Therefore, this work focused on the application of climate data to compare sunshine and temperature based empirical equation of the global solar radiation in Kombolcha sites, Amhara region, Ethiopia. For data obtained in a period of 2008 to 2017 from the Kombolcha meteorological agency correlations be tested for errors using: Mean Bias error (MBE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Mean Percentage Error (MPE), and correlation Coefficient (r). The latest computing MATLAB soft ware and excel spread sheet has been used for the entire analysis. The empirical equation having the least error was selected for Kombolcha sites. Therefore, according to accuracy the Hargreaves and Samani empirical equation is suitable for Kombolcha sites than Angstrom-Prescott empirical equation. The abundant average global solar radiation of 6.19 KWh/m2/day and 7.09 KWh/m2/day was estimated using sun shine and temperature based empirical equation respectively. This result showed that there is good solar potential in Kombolcha, Amhara region, Ethiopia.
Meteorological Parameters, Extraterrestrial Solar Radiation, Global Solar Radiation
To cite this article
Tegenu Argaw Woldegiyorgis, Estimation of Global Solar Radiation on Horizontal Surface from Sun Shine Hours and Temperature at Kombolcha, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2019, pp. 39-46. doi: 10.11648/j.jeece.20190403.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Bahiru B, Mengistu AB. The Challenges of Women Leaders of Business Organizations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in Balancing Work-Family Responsibilities, 2018.
Agbo GA, Alfa B, Ibeh GF, Adamu IS. Application of regression and multiple correlation analysis to morning hours solar radiation in Lapai. International Journal of Physical Sciences. 2013 Jul 23; 8 (27): 1437-41, DOI: 10.5897/IJPS12.323.
Teyabeen AA, Jwaid AE. Sunshine Duration-Based Models for Predicting Global Solar Radiation. In2017 UKSim-AMSS 19th International Conference on Computer Modelling & Simulation (UKSim) 2017 Apr 5 (pp. 168-172). IEEE, DOI: 10.1109/UKSim. 2017. 32.
Duffie JA, Beckman WA. Solar engineering of thermal processes. John Wiley & Sons; 2013 Apr 15.
Page CM, Nicholls N, Plummer N, Trewin B, Manton M, Alexander L, Chambers LE, Choi Y, Collins DA, Gosai A, Della-Marta P. Data rescue in the southeast Asia and south Pacific region: challenges and opportunities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 2004 Oct; 85 (10): 1483-90.
Bekele G, Tadesse G. Feasibility study of small Hydro/PV/Wind hybrid system for off-grid rural electrification in Ethiopia. Applied Energy. 2012 Sep 1; 97: 5-15, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.11.059.
Adeniji NO, Akinpelu JA, Adeola SO, Adeniji JO. Estimation of global solar radiation, sunshine hour distribution and clearness index in Enugu, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management. 2019; 23 (2): 345-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jasem.v23i2.22.
Podder S, Islam MM. Solar radiation estimation from the measurement of sunshine hours over southern coastal region, bangladesh. International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. 2015; 4 (2): 47-53., doi:10.11648/j.ijrse.20150402.14.
Fan, J., Wu, L., Zhang, F., Cai, H., Zeng, W., Wang, X., & Zou, H. (2019). Empirical and machine learning models for predicting daily global solar radiation from sunshine duration: A review and case study in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 100, 186-212, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.10.018.
Fan J, Wu L, Zhang F, Cai H, Zeng W, Wang X, Zou H. Empirical and machine learning models for predicting daily global solar radiation from sunshine duration: A review and case study in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2019 Feb 1; 100: 186-212, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjbas.2017.05.001.
Soulouknga MH, Coulibaly O, Doka SY, Kofane TC. Evaluation of global solar radiation from meteorological data in the Sahelian zone of Chad. Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar. 2017 Dec; 4 (1): 4.
Medugu DW, Adisa AB, Burari FW, Abdul’Azeez MA. Solar radiation: Correlation between measured and predicted values in Mubi, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research. 2013 Jan 31; 4 (1): 11-7, DOI: 10.5897/IJSTER11.05.
Ener Ruşen S. Performance evaluation of a coupled method for the estimation of daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface. Atmósfera. 2018; 31 (4): 347-54, http://dx.doi.org/10.20937/atm.2018.31.04.03.
NASA/POWER,https://power.larc.nasa.gov/downloads /POWER (accessed March 23, 2019).
Chuanyan Z, Zhongren N, Zhaodong F. GIS-assisted spatially distributed modeling of the potential evapotranspiration in semi-arid climate of the Chinese Loess Plateau. Journal of Arid Environments. 2004 Aug 1; 58 (3): 387-403, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2003.08.008.
Bankar DN, Baviskar VS, Kumar KY, Raskar SS, Khairnar SS, Gite VD, Surve VD, Bagwan JH, Honrao BK. Evaluation of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes for Changing Climatic Condition under Different Sowing Windows in Semi-Arid Tropics of Western Maharashtra, India. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2018; 7 (4): 761-70, https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.085.
Allen RG. Self-calibrating method for estimating solar radiation from air temperature. Journal of Hydrologic engineering. 1997 Apr; 2 (2): 56-67, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0699(1997)2:2(56).
Piri J, Kisi O. Modelling solar radiation reached to the Earth using ANFIS, NN-ARX, and empirical models (Case studies: Zahedan and Bojnurd stations). Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 2015 Feb 1; 123: 39-47, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2014.12.006.
Prescott JA. Evaporation from a water surface in relation to solar radiation. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Aust. 1940; 46: 114-8.
Korachagaon I, Bapat VN, Magami IA. Few site-independent models for estimating global solar radiation for west and south Asian countries. International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. 2008; 3 (2): 139-44.
Oyedepo SO. Estimation of global and diffuse solar radiations for se-lected cities in Nigeria. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. 2011; 2 (3): 13-33.
Flocas AA. Estimation and prediction of global solar radiation over Greece. Solar Energy. 1980 Jan 1; 24 (1): 63-70, https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(80)90021-3.
Hassan GE, Youssef ME, Mohamed ZE, Ali MA, Hanafy AA. New temperature-based models for predicting global solar radiation. Applied energy. 2016 Oct 1; 179: 437-50, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.07.006.
Khorasanizadeh H, Mohammadi K, Jalilvand M. A statistical comparative study to demonstrate the merit of day of the year-based models for estimation of horizontal global solar radiation. Energy conversion and management. 2014 Nov 1; 87: 37-47, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.06.086.
Li H, Ma W, Lian Y, Wang X, Zhao L. Global solar radiation estimation with sunshine duration in Tibet, China. Renewable energy. 2011 Nov 1; 36 (11): 3141-5 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2011.03.019.
Khorasanizadeh H, Mohammadi K. Diffuse solar radiation on a horizontal surface: Reviewing and categorizing the empirical models. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2016 Jan 1; 53: 338-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.08.037.
Maluta EN, Mulaudzi ST. Evaluation of the Temperature based Models for the Estimation of Global Solar Radiation in Pretoria, Gauteng province of South Africa. International Energy Journal. 2018 May 31; 18 (2).
Jamil B, Siddiqui AT. Generalized models for estimation of diffuse solar radiation based on clearness index and sunshine duration in India: Applicability under different climatic zones. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 2017 May 1;157:16-34, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2017.03.013.
Jamil B, Akhtar N. Estimation of diffuse solar radiation in humid-subtropical climatic region of India: Comparison of diffuse fraction and diffusion coefficient models. Energy. 2017 Jul 15; 131: 149-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.05.018.
Pandey CK, Katiyar AK. Solar radiation: Models and measurement techniques. Journal of Energy. 2013 May 12; 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/30520.
Dos Santos CM, De Souza JL, Junior RA, Tiba C, de Melo RO, Lyra GB, Teodoro I, Lyra GB, Lemes MA. On modeling global solar irradiation using air temperature for Alagoas State, Northeastern Brazil. Energy. 2014 Jul 15; 71: 388-98, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2014.04.116.
Liu X, Mei X, Li Y, Wang Q, Jensen JR, Zhang Y, Porter JR. Evaluation of temperature-based global solar radiation models in China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 2009 Sep 1; 149 (9): 1433-46, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.03.012.
Adeala AA, Zhongjie HU, Enweremadu Cc. Evaluation of Global Solar Radiation Using Multiple Weather Parameters as Predictors For South Africa Provinces, Thermal Science. 2015 Dec 2; 19, DOI: 10.2298/TSCI130714072A.
Panthee K, Jha AK. Estimation of global solar radiation using Artificial Neural Network in Kathmandu, Nepal. International Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 2016; 2 (1): 62-8.
Yaniktepe B, Genc YA. Establishing new model for predicting the global solar radiation on horizontal surface. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2015 Nov 26; 40 (44): 15278-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.02.064.
Habib I. Estimation of Global Solar Radiation Using Sunshine-Based and Temperature-Based Models; case study of Adama Town (Doctoral dissertation, Haramaya University).
Ozturk M. An evaluation of global solar radiation empirical formulations in Isparta, Turkey. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects. 2015 Nov 17; 37 (22): 2474-86, https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2012.745037.
Argungu GM, Dabai KA. Application of linear models for estimation of global solar radiation using available meteorological parameters for Sokoto, Nigeria. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering. 2017 Dec; 3. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7324/IJASRE.2017.32556.
Walpole RE, Myers RH, Myers SL, Ye K. Probability and statistics for engineers and scientists. New York: Macmillan; 1993 Jan.
Browse journals by subject